Beginners guide to staking on the Eth 2.0 Prater testnet using Lighthouse and Ubuntu 20.04.
When Ethereum was created in 2013, much of the road-map wasn't feasible given the current state of technology. Ethereum 1.0 was launched in 2015 to introduce the Ethereum Virtual Machine (EVM), while Proof-of-Stake (POS) and sharding would be incorporated in the redesigned Ethereum 2.0.
The ETH 2.0 Beacon Chain launched on Dec 1st, 2020 with a total of 21,063 validators, and Eth1 is expected to merge with Eth2 in early 2022.
This diagram gives an overview of the Eth1 POW and Eth2 POS chains running in parallel.
This guide is tailored for a dedicated Ethereum PC/server. A new machine with ( i7 / 32GB RAM / 2TB SSD ) will cost ~$800 and should last through Eth 2.0 - Phase 2.
The following technologies are used in this guide:
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS - Linux Operating System
Python 3.7 - Programming Language
Metamask - Ethereum Browser Extension
Go Ethereum - Eth1 Client Software
Lighthouse - Eth2 Client Software
Beaconcha.in - Eth2 Block Explorer
Somer Esat's: Testnet Guides
The Eth2 Prater testnet launched in June 2021, and is the successor to Pyrmont.
Testnets have no value, but each validator on Prater requires a deposit of 32 GoEth. You can request GoEth in the EthStaker Discord. You can use https://goerli.etherscan.io/ as a Goerli block explorer.
You will be running everything from the terminal window (aka Command Line Interface).
We'll begin the installation by enabling the Universal Firewall (UFW).